Artificial insemination is a straightforward procedure which helps women to get pregnant who were unable to conceive due to some specific problems.
In many cases, it is the first method suggested by the doctors as a treatment for infertility.
What is Artificial Insemination?
- In this method, the sperms are inserted into the woman’s womb (uterus) through vagina and cervix with the help of a small device.
- It is In-Vivo Fertilization, i.e., fertilization happens inside the body as opposed to In-Vitro Fertilization where fertilization occurs outside the body.
What kind of infertility can be treated with Artificial Insemination?
It is helpful for the couple dealing with male infertility like:
- Low sperm level
- Abnormal sperms
- Sperms with very little mobility
- Unexplained infertility
In the case of women, it is helpful for the females with:
- Unreceptive cervical mucus
- Unexplained Infertility
Types of Artificial Insemination
There are four types of treatments:
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
- Intrauterine Tubo-peritoneal Insemination(IUTPI)
- Intracervical Insemination (ICI)
- Intratubal Insemination (ITI)
Procedure involved in the Process
The process includes:
- Physical Examination: The couple will have to undergo complete physical examination and other tests such as blood tests, ultrasound, ovulation kit, etc.
- Fertility Drug and Monitoring: In some cases, the doctor may prescribe fertility drugs such as clomiphene citrate, etc. to help your body ovulate multiple eggs.It gives the couple a better chance at pregnancy.
- Sperm Collection:
- Male will require submitting a sample of the semen for sperm extraction. The doctor may suggest avoiding sex for 2 to 5 days to make sure the sperm count is high.
Sperms can be obtained by different methods such as:
b) Surgical sperm aspiration
c) Vibratory or electric stimulation
- The sperms must be washed within 1 hour of ejaculation. The washing of the sperms removes the chemicals in the semen that cause discomfort to the females. This process further increases the chances of conceiving.
- Then the sperms are liquefied at room temperature, and a chemical is added to separate the most active sperms.
- Insertion of sperms: The best sperms are collected with the help of centrifuge. The selected sperms are then inserted into the woman’s womb (uterus) using a catheter that is put through the vagina and the cervix.
- Rest: Rest is also one of the most important factors which play a crucial role in the success of this method. Some experts believe that the lying down for approx. 15 to 45 minutes after the process can increase the chance of getting pregnant.
A woman should wait two weeks before having the home pregnancy tests. This is because the hormones which liquefied with the pregnancy will not be measurable for two weeks.
Use of Donor Sperms
Many women use donor sperms to conceive using this procedure. There are many reasons behind it. Some of the reasons are:
- Poor quality of male’s sperm
- Genetic Disorder in the male partner
Nowadays using the donor’s sperm is an excellent and prevalent option for the single mothers, who want to have the baby.
Risk factors involved in Artificial Insemination
Every treatment includes some risks. Risk Factors involved with this procedure are as follows:
- There is a little probability of multiple births
- The combination of IUI with fertility drug can be harmful
- There are chances of failure of up to 5-6 inseminations that may cause you to switch to other treatments.
Factor affecting the success of the Process
The success of this treatment may vary. Here are some factors that may influence the success rate:
- age of the woman seeking the treatment (greater than 35 may have issues)
- poor egg quality
- poor sperms quality
- a severe case of endometriosis
- damaged fallopian tube
- blockage of fallopian tube
Success Rate of this Procedure
The success rate of IUI occurs as 10-15 % of the women with age of 41-45, and it is 5% in women with age more than 45.