- Infertility and reproductive issues are growing health concerns around the world.
- Common Reproductive disorders and potential links to environmental exposures
- How various prenatal environmental exposures may affect reproduction in later life
Health is more than absence of illness it is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.
Reproductive health also represents a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of reproductive diseases or alterations. It involves all of the reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of human life.
This definition implies that people
are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the
capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do
Introduction to male
related to male reproductive health may develop during fetal development,
childhood, adolescence, or adulthood
are multiple causes for alterations in the male reproductive functioning
is increasing evidence of involvement of environmental exposures on the
deteriorating male reproduction health since many decades
Overview of male reproductive health outcomes due to
Identified in puberty or later
important consequence of exposure to reproductive toxicants is infertility
produce sperm cells throughout their lives thus there is long-term
susceptibility window for environmental exposures
Environmental Factors affecting male infertility:
- Air pollutants
- Drinking water pollutants
- Persistent organochlorines
- Electromagnetic radiation
- Heat (drivers)
Semen quality is used as measure of male fertility
Semen parameters include:
- white blood cell count
Various toxicants are
suspected to affect semen quality
- Information on these exposures and their health effects is important for health care providers because studies demonstrate that health care would be dramatically improved and medical care costs reduced if environmental pollution and chemical exposure were mitigated.
- An increased awareness of the effects of environmental contaminants on patient health will allow health care providers to offer more timely and appropriate care, better understand potential causes of reproductive problems, better track and study reproductive outcomes, and protect patients from preventable harm.
Conclusion: As low levels of air pollutants, good diet ( as people are eating less junk food) and reduced stress, nowadays we are observing more of normal semen reports.
The time to act
Creating healthier environment for healthier people .