Female infertility tests
The doctor may order various tests, including an endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of your uterus and a blood test to check hormone levels.
- This procedure involves X-rays or ultrasound of your reproductive organs.
- The doctor inserts either saline or dye and air into your cervix, which travels up through your fallopian tubes.
- With this technique, the doctor can check to see if the tubes are blocked.
- The doctor puts a laparoscope – a slender tube fitted with a tiny camera – through a little cut near your belly button.
- The method lets him/her view the outside of your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to check for abnormal growths.
- The doctor can also examine if the fallopian tubes are blocked.
Male infertility tests
General physical examination and medical history
- The test includes examining your genitals and asking questions about any chronic health problems, inherited conditions, injuries, surgeries or illnesses that could affect fertility.
- Information related to your sexual habits and your sexual development during puberty will be collected.
- In this test, you provide a semen sample by masturbating and ejaculating into a particular container or by using a special condom to collect semen during intercourse.
- Your semen is then sent to a laboratory to measure the number of sperm present and look for any abnormalities in shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm.
- It is also known as testicular ultrasound.
- It is a test which uses reflected sound waves that show the picture of surrounding areas in the scrotum and testicles.
- It doesn’t use x-rays or any radiation.
- A small device known as a transducer is passed over the scrotum sending sound waves to the computer. The computer turns the waves into a picture.
- This image or video is known as echogram, sonogram or scan.
- It is used to check any mass or pain in the testicles; epididymis or swelling or infection in the testicles; guide a biopsy needle for testicular biopsy to check for infertility; check for genital injury etc.
- It is a test used to remove a sample of tissue from one or both testicles and then this tissue is examined under the microscope to find the cause of infertility in males.
- It may be used if there is no sperm in the semen or the hormonal test results are within normal range.
- It may also be done to collect sperm for IVF using ICSI.
- It is also known as TRUS.
- It is used to examine the prostate gland and other pelvic organs in males.
- A thin probe known as a transducer is gently inserted into the rectum after covering it with a lubricated sheath (similar to a condom).
- The sound waves from the device then make a picture on a monitor.
- It is used to diagnose prostate cancer if PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level comes high.
- It is also used to look at the shape and size, abnormal areas in the prostate, guide a biopsy needle to collect a sample from the prostate.
- The TRUS can be used to determine the causes of infertility in the male such as cysts in a male’s reproductive system.
- It can also be used to deliver treatments for non-cancerous and cancerous problems of the prostate or surrounding areas.
There are some additional tests to help identify the cause of your infertility. These tests include:
- Hormone testing
- Post-ejaculation urinalysis
- Genetic tests
- Specialized sperm function tests