Infertility Tests

Female infertility tests

The doctor may order various tests, including an endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of your uterus and a blood test to check hormone levels.

Hysterosalpingogram-HSGHysterosalpingogram (HSG)

  • This procedure involves X-rays or ultrasound of your reproductive organs.
  • The doctor inserts either saline or dye and air into your cervix, which travels up through your fallopian tubes.
  • With this technique, the doctor can check to see if the tubes are blocked.

Laparoscopy

  • The doctor puts a laparoscope – a slender tube fitted with a tiny camera – through a little cut near your belly button.
  • The method lets him/her view the outside of your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to check for abnormal growths.
  • The doctor can also examine if the fallopian tubes are blocked.

infertility tests in delhi indiaMale infertility tests

General physical examination and medical history

  • The test includes examining your genitals and asking questions about any chronic health problems, inherited conditions, injuries, surgeries or illnesses that could affect fertility.
  • Information related to your sexual habits and your sexual development during puberty will be collected.

Semen analysis

  • In this test, you provide a semen sample by masturbating and ejaculating into a particular container or by using a special condom to collect semen during intercourse.
  • Your semen is then sent to a laboratory to measure the number of sperm present and look for any abnormalities in shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm.

Scrotal Ultrasound

  • It is also known as testicular ultrasound.
  • It is a test which uses reflected sound waves that show the picture of surrounding areas in the scrotum and testicles.
  • It doesn’t use x-rays or any radiation.
  • A small device known as a transducer is passed over the scrotum sending sound waves to the computer. The computer turns the waves into a picture.
  • This image or video is known as echogram, sonogram or scan.
  • It is used to check any mass or pain in the testicles; epididymis or swelling or infection in the testicles; guide a biopsy needle for testicular biopsy to check for infertility; check for genital injury etc.

Testicular biopsy

  • It is a test used to remove a sample of tissue from one or both testicles and then this tissue is examined under the microscope to find the cause of infertility in males.
  • It may be used if there is no sperm in the semen or the hormonal test results are within normal range.
  • It may also be done to collect sperm for IVF using ICSI.

Transrectal Ultrasound

  • It is also known as TRUS.
  • It is used to examine the prostate gland and other pelvic organs in males.
  • A thin probe known as a transducer is gently inserted into the rectum after covering it with a lubricated sheath (similar to a condom).
  • The sound waves from the device then make a picture on a monitor.
  • It is used to diagnose prostate cancer if PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level comes high.
  • It is also used to look at the shape and size, abnormal areas in the prostate, guide a biopsy needle to collect a sample from the prostate.
  • The TRUS can be used to determine the causes of infertility in the male such as cysts in a male’s reproductive system.
  • It can also be used to deliver treatments for non-cancerous and cancerous problems of the prostate or surrounding areas.

There are some additional tests to help identify the cause of your infertility. These tests include:

  • Hormone testing
  • Post-ejaculation urinalysis
  • Genetic tests
  • Specialized sperm function tests