IUI is one of the most powerful treatments which is used to deal with infertility. If you are planning to undergo this treatment, here are some details that you need to know so that you don’t have any double.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
It is a method which involves the insertion of sperm inside the uterus of the woman so that fertilization can take place quickly.
IUI gives the advantage to sperms by providing a head start after injecting sperms inside the uterus, but after initiation, these sperms have to reach fallopian tube themselves.
The primary motive of this technique is to increase the number of sperms with high mobility in the uterus, which can enter the fallopian tube and the probability of fertilization increases.
IUI is sometimes also performed before IVF. There is about 3-4 insemination that is done for the successful pregnancy.
IUI coupled with In Vitro fertilization has a significantly higher success rate.
IUI is effective for:-
However, IUI may be chosen as a fertility treatment for any of the following conditions in males:-
- Low sperm mobility and low sperm count
- Infertility (Unexplained)
- Ejaculation dysfunction
The intrauterine insemination is a very effective treatment for females with:-
- A hostile cervical disease, comprising cervical mucus issues.
- Cervical scar tissue from past surgery which may prevent the sperms’ ability to enter the uterus
- Tubal blockage or severe tubal damage
- Ovarian failure
- Severe male factor infertility
- moderate endometriosis
The process of IUI:-
- IUI starts with the multiple injections to the woman to initiate the development the many eggs. Insemination is done in such a time that it coincide with the period of ovulation that is the release of the eggs from the ovary.
- A semen specimen is either produced at home or in the clinic by masturbation after 2-5 days of abstaining from ejaculation.
- The semen is “washed” in the lab, this process is called sperm processing or sperm washing).
- The semen contain many components, so the sperm has to be separated from other components and is concentrated to small volume.there are techniques which can be used to washing, and separation.this processing takes about 30-60 minutes.
- A device is placed in the vagina, and the cervical area is gently cleaned.The washed sperm having high mobility are injected into the cervix (intracervical insemination, ICI) in the uterine cavity (intrauterine insemination, IUI) using a catheter.
- The sperm has been put above the vagina and cervix – it will not leak out when you stand up.
- The IUI method takes only a few minutes and involves no or minimal discomfort and pain.
- Finally, the next step involved test for signs and symptoms of pregnancy.
IUI is not suggested for the following patients:-
- Women had the infection of the fallopian tubes.
- Females who are having the history of pelvic infections.
- Women who are suffering from severe endometriosis.
What are the risks associated with intrauterine insemination:-
- The chances of becoming pregnant with multiples are enhanced if you take fertility medication when having IUI.
- The risk of infection is also sometimes associated with intrauterine insemination.
Success rates for IUI:-
- As other methods, there is not any one factor on which the success involves factors such as the age of the female, the reason for infertility, and whether fertility drugs were used, among other variables.
- For example a couple below 35 years with unexplained fertility trying for two years, and having healthy sperm, we would expect about 10% chance per month of getting pregnant and having a baby with IUI.
The Chances for success in women over 35 drops off, and for women, over 40 they are much lower, so they have to be more careful during the procedure and strictly follow the precautions.