The ability to give birth is the biggest gift that God gave to a woman. Whether she conceives naturally or via different means such as In-vitro Fertilization (IVF), it becomes necessary to make sure that precautions for pregnant women are understood and then adhered to, for the well-being of the baby as well as the mother herself.
The first trimester of pregnancy, which covers first three months, is a critical phase, and one should follow certain precautionary steps to ensure safety, proper growth and development of the baby. Pregnancy is life-changing in many ways, and a pregnant woman needs to be even more alert about her daily habits. There is a wide array of precautions for pregnant women that are floated in various literature – here we go through some of the core ones.
Precautions for pregnant women:
If you are used to smoking now’s the time to quit
- a wide range of health issues can be caused by smoking and can be potentially harmful to the baby as well
- it may be responsible for low immunity during pregnancy, reduced birth weight, infections and several other problems in the growth and development of the child
- as the studies say smoking during pregnancy may even result in sudden infant death syndrome
Avoid consumption of Alcohol and Caffeine during pregnancy
- amongst the many precautions for pregnant women, this one is probably one of the most neglected one
- consumption of alcohol during pregnancy can cause slow growth of the fetus and is linked to several learning disabilities too
- caffeine consumption, on the other hand, is related to premature birth and an increased risk of several congenital disabilities
Avoid Hot Tubs and Saunas during the first three months of pregnancy.
- It increases your body temperature to a level which can be harmful to the development of the baby
If you have been undergoing certain medicinal treatments for any health condition that you suffer from, you now need to look for a healthier alternative.
- Not all the medicines/drugs are suitable for the fetus.
Harmful radiations have to be avoided during pregnancy; thus it is advisable to avoid X-rays.
- These emissions are harmful even if the exposure is for short duration because these can lead to growth retardation, malformations, impaired brain function, and cancer.
Avoid consuming fish during your first trimester.
- although most seafood and fish are good sources of protein and healthy fats that are required during pregnancy, a lot of fish may contain high amounts of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which can harm growing baby
- if you must, choose small amounts of salmon or other light meats during your first trimester
Check on the same with the doctor before eating.
- Now that you’re supporting the growth and development of your baby too, you will need to focus on all precautions for pregnant women especially when it comes to taking some extra nutrients and minerals. Adhering to these simple precautions for pregnant women goes a long way in ensuring the well-being of both the baby and the mother.
Make sure to get a daily dose of vitamin D from foods like egg yolks, tuna, and salmon, fish liver oil, milk and some exposure to sunlight.
- the inadequacy of Vitamin D can cause abnormal bone growth, fractures, or rickets in new-borns
You will also need to rev-up your calcium content. Add more calcium-rich foods like milk and dairy products to your diet.
- the developing baby needs calcium to build teeth and strong bones
- it also helps the child grow a healthy heart, nerves, and muscles as well as develop a normal heart rhythm and blood-clotting abilities
Take folic acid and iron supplements as directed by the doctor.
- the pregnant woman’s body uses the iron to make extra blood (haemoglobin) for her and the baby during pregnancy
- getting enough iron can help prevent iron-deficiency anaemia
Increase your intake of omega three fatty acids by adding more nuts to your diet.
- the fatty acid plays a vital role in the development of the eye, brain, and nerves of the fetus
Don’t forget breakfast.
- it is important to drink minimum eight 8 ounce glasses of water each day to keep the body hydrated
- during pregnancy, the body prepares itself to support the mother and the fetus
- thus, pregnant women experience an increase in blood volume
- for this, good hydration is a must
- drinking enough amount of water will also help alleviate symptoms of fatigue, constipation, and preterm labour
Get regular exercise.
- consulting a doctor for your exercise plans is essential
- daily low-impact exercises like walking or swimming are encouraged
- regular water consumption before, during, and after exercising is a must
It is particularly important to monitor the calorie intake
- as calories are the source of energy required by the body one should consume about three hundred extra calories per day, which should come from healthy sources
Whatever may be the cause of pregnancy; In-vitro Fertilization or natural, these precautions for pregnant women should be given weightage. Make sure you get all your routine tests done to check your baby’s growth and progress. Stay away from potential allergens and substances like insecticides and pesticides that may cause harm to your child.