Female Tests

The doctor may order various tests, including an endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of your uterus and a blood test to check hormone levels.

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) 

  • This procedure involves X-rays or ultrasound of your reproductive organs.
  • The doctor inserts either saline or dye and air into your cervix, which travels up through your fallopian tubes.
  • With this technique, the doctor can check to see if the tubes are blocked.


  • The doctor puts a laparoscope – a slender tube fitted with a tiny camera – through a little cut near your belly button.
  • The method lets him/her view the outside of your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to check for abnormal growths.
  • The doctor can also examine if the fallopian tubes are blocked.

Male Tests

General physical examination and medical history.

  • The test includes examining your genitals and asking questions about any chronic health problems, inherited conditions, injuries, surgeries or illnesses that could affect fertility.
  • Information related to your sexual habits and your sexual development during puberty will be collected.

Semen analysis

  • In this test, you provide a semen sample by masturbating and ejaculating into a particular container or by using a special condom to collect semen during intercourse.
  • Your semen is then sent to a laboratory to measure the number of sperm present and look for any abnormalities in shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm.

There are some additional tests to help identify the cause of your infertility. These tests include:

  • Scrotal ultrasound
  • Hormone testing
  • Post-ejaculation urinalysis
  • Genetic tests
  • Testicular biopsy
  • Specialized sperm function tests
  • Transrectal ultrasound