AMH is Ant Mullerian Hormone, which is produced from primary follicles. Immature eggs are surrounded by the very tiny cluster of cells. These cells are known as primary follicles.
With the help of AMH test, we can measure the ovarian reserve of a woman and compare with other females of the same age.
The processes of eggs’ and sperms’ production are very different from each other. Men continually produce sperms, but women are born with limited eggs for their whole life.
So, it’s important for a woman to know about her ovarian reserve, especially when she is thinking about pregnancy.
Points to know about AMH Test
Given below are some points that you need to know about AMH test.
- It is one of the best biochemical markers which indicates the female’s ovarian reserve.
- It is the type of hormonal blood test in which the number of eggs at rest inside ovary of a female can be estimated.
- With the help of this test, it becomes easy for an infertility specialist to conclude the condition of the ovary.
- It also helps in the context of fertility treatment.
- It is one of the best ways to determine whether the woman is capable of undergoing some specific fertility treatments such as IVF egg freezing etc.
- This can predict the success of that treatment to some extent.
Who can have AMH Test?
It is mainly done by women who:
- Are considering their fertility option.
- Are interested in the investigation of their ovarian reserve.
- Are planning IVF or some other fertility treatment.
It is one of the most modern tests which creates an option to personalize the treatment according to the condition of female’s ovary.
Healthy Range of AMH
- AMH level should be interpreted in such a way that woman’s holistic condition, and her plans for future fertility are considered.
- If there is low AMH level, it should not be the only criteria for a conclusion. There are other things also that should be considered.
- But a low AMH level can decrease the probability of conceiving in case of complex fertility.
- A low AMH level can affect your chances of having IVF and egg freezing.
Factor Affecting AMH Level
- The most common factor is age.
- The number of eggs produced by a woman during birth is also determined genetically.
- Ovarian reserve can drastically reduce with time.
- Ovarian reserve is affected in the case of women who use more pills, so they generally have a very low level of AMH.
- Women with hypothermic dysfunction also have low AMH levels.
The AMH results
- AMH is not a measure of quality, but it measures the quantity.
- From this test, it can be inferred that how many eggs can be expected to participate in fertility treatment.
- It is significant to interpret the AMH result with considering the factors that affect the fertility.
What to do, if you have low AMH?
- Although there is no known therapy till now that can enhance the number of eggs in the ovary, a proactive action can help deal with the situation.
- She should go for an active family planning.
- Doctors can recommend her frozen embryo banking or IVF if she wishes to have more babies in future.
Factors determine the quality of your eggs?
- For the quality of egg, age is the real indicator.
- Other factors such as lifestyle, drinking, smoking, and exposure to the environment, etc. also play a significant role in determining the quality.
- With time the eggs can become more prone to genetic changes.
- This can lead to decrease in the quality of eggs and therefore, issues with conceiving also.
How to get AMH Test?
- If you want to know about your fertility status in the context of a number of eggs, you can see a practitioner and request a referral to see an expert also.
- This test also includes detection of infections like rubella, chickenpox, etc.
The primary thing to spot is that an AMH level cannot predict the possibility of natural conceptions.